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Cote d'Ivoire PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/cote_divoire/cote_divoire_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Cote d'Ivoire PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
23,740,424
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Ivoirian(s)
adjective: Ivoirian

Ethnic groups:
Akan 32.1%, Voltaique or Gur 15%, Northern Mande 12.4%, Krou 9.8%, Southern Mande 9%, other 21.2% (includes European and Lebanese descent), unspecified 0.5% (2011-12 est.)

Languages:
French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken

Religions:
Muslim 40.2%, Catholic 19.4%, Evangelical 19.3%, Methodist 2.5%, other Christian 4.5%, animist or no religion 12.8%, other religion/unspecified 1.4% (2011-12 est.)
note: the majority of foreign migrant workers are Muslim (72%) and Christian (18%) (2014 est.)

Demographic profile:
Cote d’Ivoire’s population is likely to continue growing for the foreseeable future because almost 60% of the populace is younger than 25, the total fertility rate is holding steady at about 3.5 children per woman, and contraceptive use is under 20%. The country will need to improve education, health care, and gender equality in order to turn its large and growing youth cohort into human capital. Even prior to 2010 unrest that shuttered schools for months, access to education was poor, especially for women. As of 2015, only 53% of men and 33% of women were literate. The lack of educational attainment contributes to Cote d’Ivoire’s high rates of unskilled labor, adolescent pregnancy, and HIV/AIDS prevalence. Following its independence in 1960, Cote d’Ivoire’s stability and the blossoming of its labor-intensive cocoa and coffee industries in the southwest made it an attractive destination for migrants from other parts of the country and its neighbors, particularly Burkina Faso. The HOUPHOUET-BOIGNY administration continued the French colonial policy of encouraging labor immigration by offering liberal land ownership laws. Foreigners from West Africa, Europe (mainly France), and Lebanon composed about 25% of the population by 1998. Ongoing economic decline since the 1980s and the power struggle after HOUPHOUET-BOIGNY’s death in 1993 ushered in the politics of “Ivoirite,” institutionalizing an Ivoirian identity that further marginalized northern Ivoirians and scapegoated immigrants. The hostile Muslim north-Christian south divide snowballed into a 2002 civil war, pushing tens of thousands of foreign migrants, Liberian refugees, and Ivoirians to flee to war-torn Liberia or other regional countries and more than a million people to be internally displaced. Subsequently, violence following the contested 2010 presidential election prompted some 250,000 people to seek refuge in Liberia and other neighboring countries and again internally displaced as many as a million people. By July 2012, the majority had returned home, but ongoing inter-communal tension and armed conflict continue to force people from their homes.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 37.45% (male 4,483,215/female 4,407,595)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.93% (male 2,504,188/female 2,463,970)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 34.05% (male 4,133,975/female 3,950,734)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.15% (male 493,722/female 491,230)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.42% (male 389,551/female 422,244) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 83.5%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 77.9%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 18% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 20.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 20.8 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 20.6 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 187

Population growth rate:
1.88% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
28.2 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
9.5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 55
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 54.2% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.69% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
YAMOUSSOUKRO (capital) 259,000 (2014); ABIDJAN (seat of government) 4.86 million; Bouake 762,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
19.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011/12 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
645 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 57.2 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 63.1 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 51.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 22

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 58.7 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 57.5 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 59.9 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 203

Total fertility rate:
3.46 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
18.2% (2011/12)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 78
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.14 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.4 beds/1,000 population (2006)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 93.1% of population rural: 68.8% of population total: 81.9% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 6.9% of population rural: 31.2% of population total: 18.1% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 32.8% of population rural: 10.3% of population total: 22.5% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 67.2% of population rural: 89.7% of population total: 77.5% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
3.17% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
464,700 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
25,100 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
8% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 149
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
15.7% (2012)
country comparison to the world: 43
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
4.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 89
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 43.1%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 53.1%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 32.5% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 10 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 8 years (2014)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 1,796,802
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 35% (2006 est.)


[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]


NOTE: The information regarding Cote d'Ivoire on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cote d'Ivoire PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cote d'Ivoire PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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