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Cyprus Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/cyprus/cyprus_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Cyprus Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey; note - Cyprus views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both

Geographic coordinates:
35 00 N, 33 00 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 9,251 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are in north Cyprus)
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 9,241 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 10 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 171

Area - comparative:
about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut

Land boundaries:
total: 156 km
border sovereign base areas: Akrotiri 48 km, Dhekelia 108 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
648 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters

Terrain:
central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 91 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m highest point: Mount Olympus 1,951 m

Natural resources:
copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

Land use:
agricultural land: 13.4% arable land 9.8%; permanent crops 3.2%; permanent pasture 0.4%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 18.8%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 67.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
460 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population concentrated in central Nicosia and in the major cities of the south: Paphos, Limassol, and Larnaca

Natural hazards:
moderate earthquake activity; droughts

Environment - current issues:
water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall, sea water intrusion to island's largest aquifer, increased salination in the north); water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and Sardinia)


NOTE: The information regarding Cyprus on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cyprus Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cyprus Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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