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Czechia Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Czechia Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria

Geographic coordinates:
49 45 N, 15 30 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 78,867 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 77,247 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,620 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 117

Area - comparative:
about two-thirds the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than South Carolina


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

about two-thirds the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries:
total: 2,143 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (4): Austria 402 km, Germany 704 km, Poland 796 km, Slovakia 241 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
More Climate Details

Terrain:
Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

Elevation:
mean elevation: 433 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 115 m lowest point: Labe (Elbe) River
1602 highest point: Snezka

Natural resources:
hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 54.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 41% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 12.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 34.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 10.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
320 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, but the northern and eastern regions tend to have larger urban concentrations

Natural hazards:
flooding

Environment - current issues:
air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests; land pollution caused by industry, mining, and agriculture

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Czechia on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Czechia Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Czechia Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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