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Czechia Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/czechia/czechia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Czechia Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria

Geographic coordinates:
49 45 N, 15 30 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 78,867 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 77,247 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,620 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 116

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries:
total: 2,143 km
border countries (4): Austria 402 km, Germany 704 km, Poland 796 km, Slovakia 241 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Terrain:
Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

Elevation:
mean elevation: 433 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Labe (Elbe) River 115 m highest point: Snezka 1,602 m

Natural resources:
hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 54.8% arable land 41%; permanent crops 1%; permanent pasture 12.8%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 34.4%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 10.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
320 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, but the northern and eastern regions tend to have larger urban concentrations

Natural hazards:
flooding

Environment - current issues:
air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests; efforts to bring industry up to EU code should improve domestic pollution

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe


NOTE: The information regarding Czechia on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Czechia Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Czechia Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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