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Dominican Republic Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Dominican Republic Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

Geographic coordinates:
19 00 N, 70 40 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 48,670 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 48,320 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 350 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 132

Area - comparative:
slightly more than twice the size of New Jersey


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly more than twice the size of New Jersey

Land boundaries:
total: 376 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (1): Haiti 376 km

Coastline:
1,288 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines

Climate:
tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall
More Climate Details

Terrain:
rugged highlands and mountains interspersed with fertile valleys

Elevation:
mean elevation: 424 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: -46 m lowest point: Lago Enriquillo
3098 highest point: Pico Duarte

Natural resources:
nickel, bauxite, gold, silver, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 51.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 16.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 10.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 24.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 40.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 7.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
3,070 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
coastal development is significant, especially in the southern coastal plains and the Cibao Valley, where population density is highest; smaller population clusters exist in the interior mountains (Cordillera Central)

Natural hazards:
lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds makes up the Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti); the second largest country in the Antilles (after Cuba); geographically diverse with the Caribbean's tallest mountain, Pico Duarte, and lowest elevation and largest lake, Lago Enriquillo


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Dominican Republic on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Dominican Republic Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Dominican Republic Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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