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El Salvador Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/el_salvador/el_salvador_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











El Salvador Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Geographic overview:
athough it is the smallest country in land area in Central America, El Salvador has a population that is 18 times larger than Belize; at least 20% of the population lives abroad; high population density country-wide, with particular concentration around the capital of San Salvador

Location:
Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras

Geographic coordinates:
13 50 N, 88 55 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 21,041 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 20,721 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 320 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 153

Area - comparative:
about the same size as New Jersey
Area comparison map: about the same size as New Jersey

Land boundaries:
total: 590 km
border countries (2): Guatemala 199 km, Honduras 391 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
307 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands

Terrain:
mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau

Elevation:
mean elevation: 442 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m

Natural resources:
hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 74.7% arable land 33.1%; permanent crops 10.9%; permanent pasture 30.7%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 13.6%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 11.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
452 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; extremely susceptible to hurricanes
volcanism: significant volcanic activity; San Salvador (elev. 1,893 m), which last erupted in 1917, has the potential to cause major harm to the country's capital, which lies just below the volcano's slopes; San Miguel (elev. 2,130 m), which last erupted in 2002, is one of the most active volcanoes in the country; other historically active volcanoes include Conchaguita, Ilopango, Izalco, and Santa Ana

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea


NOTE: The information regarding El Salvador on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of El Salvador Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about El Salvador Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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