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Eritrea Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Eritrea Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan

Geographic coordinates:
15 00 N, 39 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 117,600 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 101,000 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 16,600 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 102

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Pennsylvania
Area comparison map: slightly larger than Pennsylvania

Land boundaries:
total: 1,840 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (3): Djibouti 125 km, Ethiopia 1,033 km, Sudan 682 km

Coastline:
2,234 km (mainland on Red Sea 1,151 km, islands in Red Sea 1,083 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]

Climate:
hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands
More Climate Details

Terrain:
dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains

Elevation:
mean elevation: 853 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: near Kulul within the Danakil Depression -75 m highest point: Soira 3,018 m

Natural resources:
gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish

Land use:
agricultural land: 75.1% arable land 6.8%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 68.3%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 15.1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 9.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
210 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
density is highest in the center of the country in and around the cities of Asmara (capital) and Keren; smaller settlements exist in the north and south

Natural hazards:
frequent droughts, rare earthquakes and volcanoes; locust swarms
volcanism: Dubbi (1,625 m), which last erupted in 1861, was the country's only historically active volcano until Nabro (2,218 m) came to life on 12 June 2011

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; desertification; soil erosion; overgrazing

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic geopolitical position along world's busiest shipping lanes; Eritrea retained the entire coastline of Ethiopia along the Red Sea upon de jure independence from Ethiopia on 24 May 1993


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Eritrea on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Eritrea Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Eritrea Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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