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International Rankings of Estonia - 2024


SOURCE: 2024 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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This table lists the international rankings of Estonia, in all categories that are published in the CIA World Factbook, and those that we derived from them. Additional international rankings of Estonia, can be found in the main country ranks menu.
For a definition of each entry, visit the Definitions page.

Ranked Data Rank Value Year
Communications
Broadband - fixed subscriptions - subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 23 31 2020
Broadband - fixed subscriptions - total 98 415610 2020
Internet users - percent of population 14 91 % 2021
Internet users - total 145 1.183 million 2021
Telephones - fixed lines - subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 37 22 2021
Telephones - fixed lines - total subscriptions 113 265944 2022
Telephones - mobile cellular - subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 20 149 2021
Telephones - mobile cellular - total subscriptions 150 1.981 million 2021
Economy
Average household expenditures - on alcohol and tobacco 5 7.8 % of household expenditures 2018
Average household expenditures - on food 58 20.3 % of household expenditures 2018
Budget - expenditures 92 12.269 billion US Dollars 2019
Budget - revenues 83 12.282 billion US Dollars 2019
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 33 0.3 % of GDP 0
Current account balance 127 709.328 million US Dollars 2021
Debt - external 91 23.944 billion US Dollars 2019
Exports 76 29.056 billion US Dollars 2021
GDP (official exchange rate) 105 31.461 billion US Dollars 2019
GDP - composition by end use - exports of goods and services 22 77.2 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by end use - government consumption 46 20.4 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by end use - household consumption 149 50.3 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by end use - imports of goods and services 165 74 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by end use - investment in fixed capital 56 24 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by end use - investment in inventories 35 2.2 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by sector of origin - agriculture 123 2.8 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by sector of origin - industry 71 29.2 % of GDP 2017
GDP - composition by sector of origin - services 68 68.1 % of GDP 2017
Gini Index coefficient - distribution of family income 103 30.8 % 2019
Household income or consumption by percentage share - highest 10% 85 25.6 % share of income accruing to lowest and highest 10% of population 2015
Household income or consumption by percentage share - lowest 10% 28 2.3 % share of income accruing to lowest and highest 10% of population 0
Imports 76 29.234 billion US Dollars 2021
Industrial production growth rate 58 7.13 % 2021
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 72 4.65 % 2021
Labor force 154 704700 US Dollars 2021
Population below poverty line 83 21.7 % 2018
Public debt 172 23.77 % of GDP 2020
Real GDP (purchasing power parity) 113 51.531 billion US Dollars 2021
Real GDP growth rate 40 8.01 % 2021
Real GDP per capita 49 38700 US Dollars 2021
Remittances 108 1.56 2021
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 126 2.371 billion US Dollars 2021
Taxes and other revenues 79 20.69 % of GDP 0
Unemployment rate 118 6.33 % 2021
Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24) - female 117 17.8101 % 0
Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24) - male 80 16.5 % 0
Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24) - total 81 17.1 % 2021
Energy
Carbon dioxide emissions - from coal and metallurgical coke 119 44000 metric tonnes of CO2 2019
Carbon dioxide emissions - from consumed natural gas 100 901000 metric tonnes of CO2 2019
Carbon dioxide emissions - from petroleum and other liquids 126 3.979 million metric tonnes of CO2 2019
Coal - consumption 120 3000 metric tons 2020
Coal - exports 62 0 metric tons 2020
Coal - imports 110 3000 metric tons 2020
Coal - production 75 0 metric tons 2020
Coal - proven reserves 75 0 metric tons 2019
Electricity - consumption 104 9.172 billion kWh 2020
Electricity - exports 41 3.722 billion kWh 2020
Electricity - imports 32 7.367 billion kWh 2020
Electricity - installed generating capacity 107 3.030 million kWh 2020
Electricity - transmission/distribution losses 134 375.000 million kWh 2020
Electricity access - electrification - rural areas 87 N/A 2024
Electricity access - electrification - total population 83 N/A 2024
Electricity access - electrification - urban areas 67 N/A 2024
Electricity access - population without electricity 26 N/A 2024
Electricity generation sources - biomass and waste 4 27.2 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - fossil fuels 97 55.8 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - geothermal 17 0 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - hydroelectricity 128 0.7 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - nuclear 34 0 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - solar 50 2 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - tide and wave 6 0 % 2020
Electricity generation sources - wind 19 14.3 % 2020
Energy consumption per capita 80 76.329 million Btu/person 2019
Natural gas - consumption 100 417.106 million cubic meters 2020
Natural gas - exports 57 0 cubic meters 2021
Natural gas - imports 71 417.276 million cubic meters 2020
Natural gas - production 97 0 cubic meters 2021
Natural gas - proven reserves 92 0 cubic meters 2021
Petroleum - crude oil and lease condensate exports 73 0 bbl/day 2018
Petroleum - crude oil and lease condensate imports 82 0 bbl/day 2018
Petroleum - crude oil estimated reserves 89 0 bbl/day 2021
Petroleum - refined petroleum consumption 124 27500 bbl/day 2019
Petroleum - total petroleum production 70 21800 bbl/day 2021
Refined petroleum products - exports 66 27150 bbl/day 2017
Refined petroleum products - imports 97 35520 bbl/day 2017
Refined petroleum products - production 112 0 bbl/day 2017
Environment
Air pollutants - carbon dioxide emissions 88 16.59 megatons 2016
Air pollutants - methane emissions 158 0.99 megatons 2020
Air pollutants - particulate matter emissions 184 6.35 micrograms per cubic meter 2019
Land use - agricultural land 139 22.2 2018
Land use - arable land 74 14.9 2018
Land use - forest 42 52.1 2018
Land use - permanent crops 84 0.1 2018
Land use - permanent pasture 121 7.2 2018
Revenue from coal 33 0 % of GDP 2018
Revenue from forest resources 53 0.85 % of GDP 2018
Total renewable water resources 132 12.810 billion cubic meters 2020
Total water withdrawal - agricultural 132 4.500 million cubic meters 2017
Total water withdrawal - industrial 53 790.000 million cubic meters 2020
Total water withdrawal - municipal 107 60.000 million cubic meters 2020
Urbanization - rate of urbanization 167 0.03 2025
Urbanization - urban population 70 69.8 2023
Geography
Area - land 134 42388 sq km 0
Area - total 134 45228 sq km 0
Area - water 149 2840 sq km 0
Coastline 33 3794 km 0
Elevation - highest point 173 318 meters 0
Elevation - lowest point 35 0 meters 0
Elevation - mean elevation 146 61 meters 0
Irrigated land 148 20 sq km 2016
Land boundaries - total 133 657 km 0
Land use - agricultural land 139 22.2 2018
Land use - arable land 74 14.9 2018
Land use - forest 42 52.1 2018
Land use - permanent crops 84 0.1 2018
Land use - permanent pasture 121 7.2 2018
Military
Military expenditures 20 2.9 % of GDP 2023
Population
Alcohol consumption per capita - beer 24 4 liters of pure alcohol 2019
Alcohol consumption per capita - other alcohols 22 1.13 liters of pure alcohol 2019
Alcohol consumption per capita - spirits 9 4.6 liters of pure alcohol 2019
Alcohol consumption per capita - total 7 11.65 liters of pure alcohol 2019
Alcohol consumption per capita - wine 36 1.92 liters of pure alcohol 2019
Birth rate 146 8.5 births/1,000 population 2023
Child marriage - men married by age 18 45 N/A 2024
Child marriage - women married by age 15 58 N/A 2024
Child marriage - women married by age 18 82 N/A 2024
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 88 0.4 % 1315
Contraceptive prevalence rate 130 N/A % 0
Current health expenditure 43 7.8 % of GDP 2020
Currently married women (ages 15-49) 108 52.3 % 2023
Death rate 12 13.1 deaths/1,000 population 2023
Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio 15 32.3 % 0
Dependency ratios - potential support ratio 123 3.1 % 2021
Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio 74 58.3 % 0
Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio 143 26.1 % 0
Drinking water source - improved 1 100 % of population 0
Drinking water source - rural 110 N/A % of population 0
Drinking water source - total 98 0.4 % of population 2020
Drinking water source - unimproved 64 0 % of population 0
Education expenditures 20 6.6 % of GDP 2020
Gross reproduction rate 90 0.79 % 2023
Infant mortality rate - female 191 3.5196 deaths/1,000 live births 0
Infant mortality rate - male 159 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births 0
Infant mortality rate - total 157 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births 2023
Life expectancy at birth - female 71 82.979 years 0
Life expectancy at birth - male 66 73.5 years 0
Life expectancy at birth - total population 49 78.1 years 2023
Literacy - definition 2 15 0
Literacy - female 2 99.9 % 2021
Literacy - male 2 99.9 % 0
Literacy - total population 2 99.9 % 0
Maternal mortality ratio 117 5 deaths/100,000 live births 2020
Median age - female 38 47.924 years 0
Median age - male 27 41.5 years 0
Median age - total 18 44.7 years 2023
Mother's mean age at first birth 26 28.2 2020
Net migration rate 83 2.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population 0
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 72 21.2 % 2016
Physicians density 37 3.47 physicians/1,000 population 2019
Population 160 1.203 million 2023
Population growth rate 176 0.74 % 2023
Sanitation facility access - improved 3 99.8 % of population 0
Sanitation facility access - rural 119 0 % of population 0
Sanitation facility access - total 119 0.2 % of population 2020
Sanitation facility access - unimproved 92 0.2 % of population 0
Sex ratio - 0-14 years 11 1.05 male(s)/female 0
Sex ratio - 15-64 years 22 1.01 male(s)/female 0
Sex ratio - 65 years and over 55 0.55 male(s)/female 0
Sex ratio - at birth 9 1.05 male(s)/female 0
Sex ratio - total population 30 0.89 male(s)/female 0
Total fertility rate 123 1.62 children born/woman 2023
Urbanization - rate of urbanization 167 0.03 2025
Urbanization - urban population 70 69.8 2023
Transportation
Airports 103 26 2024
Heliports 64 2 2024
Merchant marine - total 100 72 2023
National air transport system - annual freight traffic on registered air carriers 139 N/A 2024
National air transport system - annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers 148 31981 2018
National air transport system - inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers 88 14 0
National air transport system - number of registered air carriers 25 3 2020
Railways - narrow gauge 66 N/A 2024
Railways - total 103 N/A km 2024
Roadways - paved 135 N/A km 2024
Roadways - total 142 N/A km 2024
Waterways 91 335 km 2011

*CALCULATED FIGURES are those that we calculated from data presented by the CIA World Factbook. For example, we calculated population density by dividing the total population by the land area, the electricity consumption per capita by dividing electricity consumption by the total population, etc.

NOTE: The information regarding Estonia on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Estonia 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Estonia 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.