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Estonia Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/estonia/estonia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Estonia Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia

Geographic coordinates:
59 00 N, 26 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 45,228 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 42,388 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 2,840 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
country comparison to the world: 133

Area - comparative:
about twice the size of New Jersey
Area comparison map: about twice the size of New Jersey

Land boundaries:
total: 657 km
border countries (2): Latvia 333 km, Russia 324 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
3,794 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: limits as agreed to by Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Sweden, and Russia

Climate:
maritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers

Terrain:
marshy, lowlands; flat in the north, hilly in the south

Elevation:
mean elevation: 61 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m highest point: Suur Munamagi 318 m

Natural resources:
oil shale, peat, rare earth elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud

Land use:
agricultural land: 22.2% arable land 14.9%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 7.2%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 52.1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 25.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
40 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations

Natural hazards:
sometimes flooding occurs in the spring

Environment - current issues:
air polluted with sulfur dioxide from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; however, the amounts of pollutants emitted to the air have fallen dramatically; the pollution load of wastewater at purification plants has decreased substantially; Estonia has more than 1,400 natural and manmade lakes, the smaller of which in agricultural areas need to be monitored; coastal seawater is polluted in certain locations

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the mainland terrain is flat, boggy, and partly wooded; offshore lie more than 1,500 islands


NOTE: The information regarding Estonia on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Estonia Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Estonia Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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