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Ethiopia Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/ethiopia/ethiopia_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Ethiopia Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Eastern Africa, west of Somalia

Geographic coordinates:
8 00 N, 38 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 1,104,300 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1 million sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 104,300 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 27

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Area comparison map: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 5,925 km
border countries (6): Djibouti 342 km, Eritrea 1,033 km, Kenya 867 km, Somalia 1,640 km, South Sudan 1,299 km, Sudan 744 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

Terrain:
high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,330 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Danakil Depression -125 m highest point: Ras Dejen 4,533 m

Natural resources:
small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 36.3% arable land 15.2%; permanent crops 1.1%; permanent pasture 20%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 12.2%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 51.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2,900 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts
volcanism: volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley; Erta Ale (elev. 613 m), which has caused frequent lava flows in recent years, is the country's most active volcano; Dabbahu became active in 2005, forcing evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Alayta, Dalaffilla, Dallol, Dama Ali, Fentale, Kone, Manda Hararo, and Manda-Inakir

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993; Ethiopia is, therefore, the most populous landlocked country in the world; the Blue Nile, the chief headstream of the Nile by water volume, rises in T'ana Hayk (Lake Tana) in northwest Ethiopia; three major crops are believed to have originated in Ethiopia: coffee, grain sorghum, and castor bean


NOTE: The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ethiopia Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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