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European Union PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











European Union PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
total: 516,195,432
rank by population: 1. Germany 80,594,017 2. France 67,106,161 3. United Kingdom 64,769,452 4. Italy 62,137,802 5. Spain 48,958,159 6. Poland 38,476,269 7. Romania 21,529,967 8. Netherlands 17,084,719 9. Belgium 11,491,346 10. Portugal 10,839,514 11. Greece 10,768,477 12. Czechia 10,674,723 13. Sweden 9,960,487 14. Hungary 9,850,845 15. Austria 8,754,413 16. Bulgaria 7,101,510 17. Denmark 5,605,948 18. Finland 5,518,371 19. Slovakia 5,445,829 20. Ireland 5,011,102 21. Croatia 4,292,095 22. Lithuania 2,823,859 23. Slovenia 1,972,126 24. Latvia 1,944,643 25. Estonia 1,251,581 26. Cyprus 1,221,549 27. Luxembourg 594,130 28. Malta 416,338 (July 2017 est.)
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Languages:
Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish
note: only the 24 official languages are listed; German, the major language of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, is the most widely spoken mother tongue - about 16% of the EU population; English is the most widely spoken foreign language - about 38% of the EU population is conversant with it (2012)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 48%, Protestant 12%, Orthodox 8%, other Christian 4%, Muslim 2%, other 1% (includes Jewish, Sikh, Buddhist, Hindu), atheist 7%, non-believer/agnostic 16%, unspecified 2% (2012 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 15.5% (male 40,853,366/female 38,783,889)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 10.9% (male 28,680,885/female 27,396,922)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 41.8% (male 108,312,731/female 106,407,509)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 12.9% (male 32,287,068/female 34,128,099)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 19.1% (male 42,074,448/female 56,127,861) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Median age:
total: 42.9 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 41.5 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 44.4 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 20

Population growth rate:
0.23% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 180
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
10.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
10.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population distribution varies considerably from country to country, but tends to follow a pattern of coastal and river settlement, with urban agglomerations forming large hubs facilitating large scale housing, industry, and commerce; the area in and around the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg (known collectively as Benelux), is the most densely populated area in the EU

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 192

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 80.2 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 77.4 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 83.2 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 41
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
1.61 children born/woman (2016 est.)
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
note - see individual entries of member states
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
note - see individual entries of member states
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
note - see individual entries of member states
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 22.7%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 22.9%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 22.5% (2015 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 52

NOTE: 1) The information regarding European Union on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of European Union PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about European Union PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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