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Fiji Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Fiji Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Geographic coordinates:
18 00 S, 175 00 E

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 18,274 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 18,274 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 157

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
1,129 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines

Climate:
tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly mountains of volcanic origin

Elevation:
0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
1324 highest point: Tomanivi

Natural resources:
timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 23.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 4.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 9.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 55.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 21% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
40 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
approximately 70% of the population lives on the island of Viti Levu; roughly half of the population lives in urban areas

Natural hazards:
cyclonic storms can occur from November to January

Environment - current issues:
the widespread practice of waste incineration is a major contributor to air pollution in the country, as are vehicle emissions in urban areas; deforestation and soil erosion are significant problems; a contributory factor to erosion is clearing of land by bush burning, a widespread practie that threatens biodiversity

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
includes 332 islands; approximately 110 are inhabited


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Fiji on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Fiji Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Fiji Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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