Georgia People - 2023


SOURCE: 2023 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

Population

4,936,390 (2023 est.)

Nationality

noun: Georgian(s)

adjective: Georgian

Ethnic groups

Georgian 86.8%, Azeri 6.3%, Armenian 4.5%, other 2.3% (includes Russian, Ossetian, Yazidi, Ukrainian, Kist, Greek) (2014 est.)

Languages

Georgian (official) 87.6%, Azeri 6.2%, Armenian 3.9%, Russian 1.2%, other 1%; note - Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia (2014 est.)

major-language sample(s):
მსოფლიო ფაქტების წიგნი, ძირითადი ინფორმაციის აუცილებელი წყარო. (Georgian)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Georgian audio sample:

Religions

Eastern Orthodox Christian (official) 83.4%, Muslim 10.7%, Armenian Apostolic  Christian 2.9%, other 1.2% (includes Roman Catholic Christian, Jehovah's Witness, Yazidi, Protestant Christian, Jewish), none 0.5%, unspecified/no answer 1.2% (2014 est.)

Demographic profile

Analyzing population trends in Georgia since independence in 1991 has proven difficult due to a lack of reliable demographic statistics.  Censuses were fairly accurately and regularly updated through a vital statistics system during Georgia’s period of Soviet rule, but from independence until about 2010, the system broke down as a result of institutional and economic change, social unrest, and large-scale outmigration.  The 2002 census is believed to have significantly overestimated the size of Georgia’s population, in part because respondents continued to include relatives living abroad as part of their household count.  The 2014 census indicates that Georgia’s population is decreasing and aging.  Census data shows that the median age increased from 34.5 years in 2002 to 37.7 years in 2014.  The working-age population (ages 15-65 years) was fairly high in 2002 and rose between 2005 and 2011. Nonetheless, Georgia did not reap economic benefits from this age structure, since the working-age population increase seems to have stimulated labor outmigration to Russia, Ukraine, and other neighboring countries.

Since the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022, Georgia has seen its economy grow to its highest level in years due to the influx of Russian businesses, information and communications technology specialists, and money transfers.  This growth may only be temporary and conditions could still easily change depending on future events.  Meanwhile, the Russian inflow is also a source of concern, as some Georgians fear it could prompt Putin to target their country next.  In addition, Ukrainian refugees use Georgia not just as a transit country but also as a destination.  Some 25,000 Ukrainians remain in the country as of November 2022; they pose an additional strain on resources in Georgia, which has a significant population of its own displaced citizens – from the 2008 Russian occupation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia – who continue to need government support.

Age structure

0-14 years: 18.41% (male 468,459/female 440,195)

15-64 years: 63.65% (male 1,543,748/female 1,598,047)

65 years and over: 17.95% (2023 est.) (male 348,822/female 537,119)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 55.4

youth dependency ratio: 32.8

elderly dependency ratio: 22.6

potential support ratio: 4.4 (2021 est.)

Median age

total: 38.6 years

male: 35.9 years

female: 41.4 years (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

0.01% (2023 est.)

Birth rate

10.79 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate

10.76 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate

0.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution

settlement concentrated in the central valley, particularly in the capital city of Tbilisi in the east; smaller urban agglomerations dot the Black Sea coast, with Bat'umi being the largest

Urbanization

urban population: 60.7% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 0.35% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

note: data include Abkhazia and South Ossetia

total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030

Major urban areas - population

1.082 million TBILISI (capital) (2023)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.65 male(s)/female

total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

25.9 years (2019 est.)

note: data does not cover Abkhazia and South Ossetia

Maternal mortality ratio

28 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 14.45 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 16.55 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 12.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 77.74 years

male: 73.72 years

female: 81.96 years (2023 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.75 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Gross reproduction rate

0.85 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

40.6% (2018)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 99.4% of population

rural: 94.3% of population

total: 97.3% of population

unimproved: urban: 0.6% of population

rural: 5.7% of population

total: 2.7% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

7.6% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density

5.11 physicians/1,000 population (2020)

Hospital bed density

2.9 beds/1,000 population (2014)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 96.3% of population

rural: 72.7% of population

total: 86.7% of population

unimproved: urban: 3.7% of population

rural: 27.3% of population

total: 13.3% of population (2020 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

21.7% (2016)

Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 7.45 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 1.71 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 3.19 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 2.52 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 0.02 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Tobacco use

total: 31.7% (2020 est.)

male: 56.3% (2020 est.)

female: 7.1% (2020 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

2.1% (2018)

Currently married women (ages 15-49)

67.1% (2023 est.)

Child marriage

women married by age 15: 0.3%

women married by age 18: 13.9%

men married by age 18: 0.5% (2018 est.)

Education expenditures

3.6% of GDP (2021 est.)

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.6%

male: 99.7%

female: 99.5% (2019)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 16 years (2021)

Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24)

total: 28.3%

male: 27.4%

female: 29.9% (2021 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding Georgia on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Georgia 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Georgia 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 10 Nov 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.