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Greenland Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/greenland/greenland_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Greenland Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada

Geographic coordinates:
72 00 N, 40 00 W

Map references:
Arctic Region

Area:
total: 2,166,086 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 2,166,086 sq km (410,449 sq km ice-free, 1,755,637 sq km ice-covered)
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 12

Area - comparative:
slightly more than three times the size of Texas

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
44,087 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line
continental shelf: 200 nm or agreed boundaries or median line

Climate:
arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters

Terrain:
flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,792 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Gunnbjorn Fjeld 3,700 m

Natural resources:
coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas

Land use:
agricultural land: 0.6% arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 0%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 99.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
NA
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
settlement concentrated on the southwest shoreline, with limited settlements scattered along the remaining coast; interior is uninhabited

Natural hazards:
continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island

Environment - current issues:
protection of the arctic environment; preservation of the Inuit traditional way of life, including whaling and seal hunting

Geography - note:
dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along coast; close to one-quarter of the population lives in the capital, Nuuk; world's second largest ice sheet after that of Antarctica


NOTE: The information regarding Greenland on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Greenland Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Greenland Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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This page was last modified 22-Feb-17
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