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Guam Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Guam Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

Geographic coordinates:
13 28 N, 144 47 E

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 544 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 544 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 195

Area - comparative:
three times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
125.5 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December); little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain:
volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south

Elevation:
0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
406 highest point: Mount Lamlam

Natural resources:
aquatic wildlife (supporting tourism), fishing (largely undeveloped)

Land use:
agricultural land: 33.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 1.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 16.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 14.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 47.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 18.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
no large cities exist on the island, though large villages (municipalities) attract much of the population; the largest of these is Dededo

Natural hazards:
frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare but potentially destructive typhoons (June to December)

Environment - current issues:
fresh water scarcity; reef damage; inadequate sewage treatment; extermination of native bird populations by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake, an exotic, invasive species

Geography - note:
largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago and the largest island in Micronesia; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Guam on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guam Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guam Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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