Guatemala PEOPLE 2018, CIA World Factbook
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Guatemala PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Guatemala PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
15,460,732 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Guatemalan(s)
adjective: Guatemalan

Ethnic groups:
mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 60.1%, Maya 39.3% (K'iche 11.3%, Q'eqchi 7.6%, Kaqchikel 7.4%, Mam 5.5%, other 7.5%), non-Maya, non-mestizo 0.15% (Xinca (indigenous, non-Maya), Garifuna (mixed West and Central African, Island Carib, and Arawak)), other 0.5% (2001 est.)

Languages:
Spanish (official) 68.9%, Maya languages 30.9% (K'iche 8.7%, Q'eqchi 7%, Mam 4.6%, Kaqchikel 4.3%, other 6.3%), other 0.3% (includes Xinca and Garifuna)
note: the 2003 Law of National Languages officially recognized 23 indigenous languages, including 21 Maya languages, Xinka, and Garifuna (2001 est.)

Religions:
Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs

Demographic profile:
Guatemala is a predominantly poor country that struggles in several areas of health and development, including infant, child, and maternal mortality, malnutrition, literacy, and contraceptive awareness and use. The country's large indigenous population is disproportionately affected. Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America and has the highest fertility rate in Latin America. It also has the highest population growth rate in Latin America, which is likely to continue because of its large reproductive-age population and high birth rate. Almost half of Guatemala's population is under age 19, making it the youngest population in Latin America. Guatemala's total fertility rate has slowly declined during the last few decades due in part to limited government-funded health programs. However, the birth rate is still more close to three children per woman and is markedly higher among its rural and indigenous populations. Guatemalans have a history of emigrating legally and illegally to Mexico, the United States, and Canada because of a lack of economic opportunity, political instability, and natural disasters. Emigration, primarily to the United States, escalated during the 1960 to 1996 civil war and accelerated after a peace agreement was signed. Thousands of Guatemalans who fled to Mexico returned after the war, but labor migration to southern Mexico continues.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 34.5% (male 2,719,027/female 2,614,720)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.58% (male 1,677,634/female 1,658,941)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 34.12% (male 2,516,456/female 2,759,393)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 5.26% (male 384,967/female 428,198)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 4.54% (male 324,492/female 376,904) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 68.7
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 61.1
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 7.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 13.1 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 22.1 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 21.4 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 22.8 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 179

Population growth rate:
1.75% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
24.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 52
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
4.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 200
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 157
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the vast majority of the populace resides in the southern half of the country, particularly in the mountainous regions; more than half of the population lives in rural areas

Urbanization:
urban population: 52.5% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.23% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
GUATEMALA CITY (capital) 2.918 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
21.2 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014/15 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio:
88 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 21.3 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 23.2 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 19.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 78

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 72.6 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 70.6 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 74.7 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 147
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
2.77 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
60.6% (2014/15)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
6.2% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 101
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.9 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 98.4% of population rural: 86.8% of population total: 92.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.6% of population rural: 13.2% of population total: 7.2% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 77.5% of population rural: 49.3% of population total: 63.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 22.5% of population rural: 50.7% of population total: 36.1% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.5% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
46,000
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
1,600 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 57
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
21.2% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 93
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
12.6% (2015)
country comparison to the world: 57
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3% of GDP (2015)
country comparison to the world: 139

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.5%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 87.4%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 76.3% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 11 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 11 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 10 years (2013)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 4.8%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 3.6%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 7.5% (2015 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 149


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Guatemala on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guatemala PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guatemala PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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