| GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS |

Guyana PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/guyana/guyana_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Guyana PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
735,909
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 167
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Guyanese

Ethnic groups:
East Indian 43.5%, black (African) 30.2%, mixed 16.7%, Amerindian 9.1%, other 0.5% (includes Portuguese, Chinese, white) (2002 est.)

Languages:
English (official), Guyanese Creole, Amerindian languages (including Caribbean and Arawak languages), Indian languages (including Caribbean Hindustani, a dialect of Hindi), Chinese (2014 est.)

Religions:
Protestant 30.5% (Pentecostal 16.9%, Anglican 6.9%, Seventh Day Adventist 5%, Methodist 1.7%), Hindu 28.4%, Roman Catholic 8.1%, Muslim 7.2%, Jehovah's Witness 1.1%, other Christian 17.7%, other 1.9%, none 4.3%, unspecified 0.9% (2002 est.)

Demographic profile:
Guyana is the only English-speaking country in South America and shares cultural and historical bonds with the Anglophone Caribbean. Guyana's two largest ethnic groups are the Afro-Guyanese (descendants of African slaves) and the Indo-Guyanese (descendants of Indian indentured laborers), which together comprise about three quarters of Guyana's population. Tensions periodically have boiled over between the two groups, which back ethnically based political parties and vote along ethnic lines. Poverty reduction has stagnated since the late 1990s. About one-third of the Guyanese population lives below the poverty line; indigenous people are disproportionately affected. Although Guyana's literacy rate is reported to be among the highest in the Western Hemisphere, the level of functional literacy is considerably lower, which has been attributed to poor education quality, teacher training, and infrastructure. Guyana's emigration rate is among the highest in the world - more than 55% of its citizens reside abroad - and it is one of the largest recipients of remittances relative to GDP among Latin American and Caribbean counties. Although remittances are a vital source of income for most citizens, the pervasive emigration of skilled workers deprives Guyana of professionals in healthcare and other key sectors. More than 80% of Guyanese nationals with tertiary level educations have emigrated. Brain drain and the concentration of limited medical resources in Georgetown hamper Guyana's ability to meet the health needs of its predominantly rural population. Guyana has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the region and continues to rely on international support for its HIV treatment and prevention programs.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 27.12% (male 101,637/female 97,970)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.46% (male 81,017/female 76,912)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 37.73% (male 145,003/female 132,640)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 7.9% (male 26,195/female 31,924)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 5.79% (male 17,585/female 25,026) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 51.1%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 43.5%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 7.6%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 13.2% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 25.8 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 25.5 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 26.2 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 150

Population growth rate:
0.17% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 190
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
15.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 125
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-6.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 203
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population is heavily concentrated in the northeast in and around Georgetown, with noteable concentrations along the Berbice River to the east; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated

Urbanization:
urban population: 28.6% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 0.76% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
GEORGETOWN (capital) 124,000 (2014)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
229 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 31.5 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 35.4 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 27.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 64

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 68.4 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 65.4 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 71.5 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 165

Total fertility rate:
2.04 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
42.5% (2009)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.2% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 93
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.21 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2 beds/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 98.2% of population rural: 98.3% of population total: 98.3% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 1.8% of population rural: 1.7% of population total: 1.7% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 87.9% of population rural: 82% of population total: 83.7% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 12.1% of population rural: 18% of population total: 16.3% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.5% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
7,800 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
100 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 118
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
21.9% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 113
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
8.5% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 67
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.2% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 136
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 88.5%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 87.2%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 89.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 10 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 10 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 10 years (2012)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 30,255
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 16% (2006 est.)


[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]


NOTE: The information regarding Guyana on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guyana PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guyana PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




- Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites).
- If you wish to link to this page, you can do so by referring to the URL address below this line.

https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/guyana/guyana_people.html

This page was last modified 22-Feb-17
Copyright © 1995- , ITA all rights reserved.

    . Feedback