Guyana PEOPLE 2018, CIA World Factbook
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Guyana PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Guyana PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
737,718
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Guyanese

Ethnic groups:
East Indian 39.8%, black (African) 29.3%, mixed 19.9%, Amerindian 10.5%, other 0.5% (includes Portuguese, Chinese, white) (2012 est.)

Languages:
English (official), Guyanese Creole, Amerindian languages (including Caribbean and Arawak languages), Indian languages (including Caribbean Hindustani, a dialect of Hindi), Chinese (2014 est.)

Religions:
Protestant 34.8% (Pentecostal 22.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 5.4%, Anglican 5.2%, Methodist 1.4%), Hindu 24.8%, Roman Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 6.8%, Jehovah's Witness 1.3%, Rastafarian 0.5%, other Christian 20.8%, other 0.9%, none 3.1% (2012 est.)

Demographic profile:
Guyana is the only English-speaking country in South America and shares cultural and historical bonds with the Anglophone Caribbean. Guyana's two largest ethnic groups are the Afro-Guyanese (descendants of African slaves) and the Indo-Guyanese (descendants of Indian indentured laborers), which together comprise about three quarters of Guyana's population. Tensions periodically have boiled over between the two groups, which back ethnically based political parties and vote along ethnic lines. Poverty reduction has stagnated since the late 1990s. About one-third of the Guyanese population lives below the poverty line; indigenous people are disproportionately affected. Although Guyana's literacy rate is reported to be among the highest in the Western Hemisphere, the level of functional literacy is considerably lower, which has been attributed to poor education quality, teacher training, and infrastructure. Guyana's emigration rate is among the highest in the world - more than 55% of its citizens reside abroad - and it is one of the largest recipients of remittances relative to GDP among Latin American and Caribbean counties. Although remittances are a vital source of income for most citizens, the pervasive emigration of skilled workers deprives Guyana of professionals in healthcare and other key sectors. More than 80% of Guyanese nationals with tertiary level educations have emigrated. Brain drain and the concentration of limited medical resources in Georgetown hamper Guyana's ability to meet the health needs of its predominantly rural population. Guyana has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the region and continues to rely on international support for its HIV treatment and prevention programs.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 26.22% (male 98,506/female 94,949)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.56% (male 81,487/female 77,567)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 38.1% (male 146,915/female 134,145)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 8.03% (male 26,924/female 32,345)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 6.08% (male 18,421/female 26,459) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 53.5
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 45.8
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 7.7
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 13.3 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 26.2 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 25.9 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 26.6 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 149

Population growth rate:
0.32% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 167
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
15.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-4.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 189
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population is heavily concentrated in the northeast in and around Georgetown, with noteable concentrations along the Berbice River to the east; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated

Urbanization:
urban population: 28.8% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 0.91% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
GEORGETOWN (capital) 124,000 (2014)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.8 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio:
229 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 30.4 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 34.2 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 26.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 63

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 68.6 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 65.6 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 71.8 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 165
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
2 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 121
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
33.9% (2014)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.2% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 134
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.21 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2 beds/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 98.2% of population rural: 98.3% of population total: 98.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.8% of population rural: 1.7% of population total: 1.7% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 87.9% of population rural: 82% of population total: 83.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 12.1% of population rural: 18% of population total: 16.3% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.6% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
8,500 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 99
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
<200 (2016 est.)
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
20.2% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 101
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
8.5% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 67
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.2% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 136

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 88.5%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 87.2%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 89.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 10 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 10 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 10 years (2012)


[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Guyana on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guyana PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guyana PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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