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Haiti Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/haiti/haiti_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Haiti Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

Geographic coordinates:
19 00 N, 72 25 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 27,750 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 27,560 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 190 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 148

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:
total: 376 km
border countries (1): Dominican Republic 376 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
1,771 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation

Climate:
tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds

Terrain:
mostly rough and mountainous

Elevation:
mean elevation: 470 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m

Natural resources:
bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 66.4% arable land 38.5%; permanent crops 10.2%; permanent pasture 17.7%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 3.6%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 30% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
970 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
fairly even distribution; largest concentrations located near coastal areas

Natural hazards:
lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes

Geography - note:
shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)


NOTE: The information regarding Haiti on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Haiti Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Haiti Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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