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Haiti Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Haiti Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

Geographic coordinates:
19 00 N, 72 25 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 27,750 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 27,560 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 190 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 148

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries:
total: 376 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (1): Dominican Republic 376 km

Coastline:
1,771 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly rough and mountainous

Elevation:
mean elevation: 470 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m

Natural resources:
bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 66.4% arable land 38.5%; permanent crops 10.2%; permanent pasture 17.7%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 3.6%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 30% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
970 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
fairly even distribution; largest concentrations located near coastal areas

Natural hazards:
lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes

Geography - note:
shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic); it is the most mountainous nation in the Caribbean


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Haiti on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Haiti Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Haiti Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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