defense is the responsibility of Australia; Australia conducts fisheries patrols
NOTE: The information regarding Heard Is and McDonald Islands on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Heard Is and McDonald Islands 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Heard Is and McDonald Islands 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.
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