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Holy See Economy - 2024


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Economic overview

limited, tourism-based economy; euro user but issues commemorative stamps and coins; solar energy producer; some printing industry to support museums and religious needs

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)



printing; production of coins, medals, postage stamps; mosaics, staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities

Labor force

4,822 (2016)

Population below poverty line



revenues: $315 million (2013)

expenditures: $348 million (2013)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)


Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

calendar year

Exchange rates

euros (EUR) per US dollar -

Exchange rates:
0.885 (2017 est.)
0.903 (2016 est.)
0.9214 (2015 est.)
0.885 (2014 est.)
0.7634 (2013 est.)

note: while not an EU member state, the Holy See, has a 2000 monetary agreement with Italy and the EU to produce limited euro coinage—but not banknotes—that began enforcement in January 2002

NOTE: The information regarding Holy See on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Holy See 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Holy See 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.