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Hungary Geography - 2024


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


Central Europe, northwest of Romania

Geographic coordinates

47 00 N, 20 00 E

Map references



total: 93,028 sq km

land: 89,608 sq km

water: 3,420 sq km

Area - comparative

slightly smaller than Virginia; about the same size as Indiana

Area comparison map:

Land boundaries

total: 2,106 km

border countries (7): Austria 321 km; Croatia 348 km; Romania 424 km; Serbia 164 km; Slovakia 627 km; Slovenia 94 km; Ukraine 128 km


0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims

none (landlocked)


temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers


mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border


highest point: Kekes 1,014 m

lowest point: Tisza River 78 m

mean elevation: 143 m

Natural resources

bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land

Land use

agricultural land: 58.9% (2018 est.)

arable land: 48.5% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 2% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 8.4% (2018 est.)

forest: 22.5% (2018 est.)

other: 18.6% (2018 est.)

Irrigated land

1,010 sq km (2019)

Major lakes (area sq km)

fresh water lake(s): Lake Balaton - 590 sq km

Major rivers (by length in km)

Duna (Danube) (shared with Germany [s], Austria, Slovakia, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Moldova, and Romania [m]) - 2,888 km
note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

Major watersheds (area sq km)

Atlantic Ocean drainage: (Black Sea) Danube (795,656 sq km)

Population distribution

a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations

Geography - note

landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin; the north-south flowing Duna (Danube) and Tisza Rivers divide the country into three large regions

NOTE: The information regarding Hungary on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Hungary 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Hungary 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.