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Korea, North Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/korea_north/korea_north_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Korea, North Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Eastern Asia, northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea

Geographic coordinates:
40 00 N, 127 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 120,538 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 120,408 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 130 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 99

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Virginia; slightly smaller than Mississippi
Area comparison map: slightly larger than Virginia; slightly smaller than Mississippi

Land boundaries:
total: 1,607 km
border countries (3): China 1,352 km, South Korea 237 km, Russia 18 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
2,495 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
note: military boundary line 50 nm in the Sea of Japan and the exclusive economic zone limit in the Yellow Sea where all foreign vessels and aircraft without permission are banned

Climate:
temperate, with rainfall concentrated in summer; long, bitter winters

Terrain:
mostly hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys; wide coastal plains in west, discontinuous in east

Elevation:
mean elevation: 600 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m highest point: Paektu-san 2,744 m

Natural resources:
coal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 21.8% arable land 19.5%; permanent crops 1.9%; permanent pasture 0.4%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 46%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 32.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
14,600 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
late spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall
volcanism: Changbaishan (elev. 2,744 m) (also known as Baitoushan, Baegdu or P'aektu-san), on the Chinese border, is considered historically active

Environment - current issues:
water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water; waterborne disease; deforestation; soil erosion and degradation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
strategic location bordering China, South Korea, and Russia; mountainous interior is isolated and sparsely populated


NOTE: The information regarding Korea, North on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Korea, North Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, North Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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