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Korea, South Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/korea_south/korea_south_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Korea, South Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea

Geographic coordinates:
37 00 N, 127 30 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 99,720 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 96,920 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 2,800 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 109

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Pennsylvania; slightly larger than Indiana
Area comparison map: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania; slightly larger than Indiana

Land boundaries:
total: 237 km
border countries (1): North Korea 237 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
2,413 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the Korea Strait
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: not specified

Climate:
temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter; cold winters

Terrain:
mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south

Elevation:
mean elevation: 282 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m highest point: Halla-san 1,950 m

Natural resources:
coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential

Land use:
agricultural land: 18.1% arable land 15.3%; permanent crops 2.2%; permanent pasture 0.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 63.9%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 18% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
7,780 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest
volcanism: Halla (elev. 1,950 m) is considered historically active although it has not erupted in many centuries

Environment - current issues:
air pollution in large cities; acid rain; water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents; drift net fishing

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location on Korea Strait


NOTE: The information regarding Korea, South on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Korea, South Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, South Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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