Korea, South Geography 2018, CIA World Factbook
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Korea, South Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Korea, South Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea

Geographic coordinates:
37 00 N, 127 30 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 99,720 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 96,920 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 2,800 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 110

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Pennsylvania; slightly larger than Indiana
Area comparison map: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania; slightly larger than Indiana

Land boundaries:
total: 237 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (1): North Korea 237 km

Coastline:
2,413 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the Korea Strait
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: not specified
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter; cold winters
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south

Elevation:
mean elevation: 282 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m highest point: Halla-san 1,950 m

Natural resources:
coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential

Land use:
agricultural land: 18.1% arable land 15.3%; permanent crops 2.2%; permanent pasture 0.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 63.9%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 18% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
7,780 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
with approximately 70% of the country considered mountainous, the country's population is primarily concentrated in the lowland areas, where density is quite high; Gyeonggi Province in the northwest, which surrounds the capital of Seoul and contains the port of Incheon, is the most densely populated province; Gangwon in the northeast is the least populated

Natural hazards:
occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest
volcanism: Halla (1,950 m) is considered historically active although it has not erupted in many centuries

Environment - current issues:
air pollution in large cities; acid rain; water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents; drift net fishing

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location on Korea Strait; about 3,000 mostly small and uninhabited islands lie off the western and southern coasts


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Korea, South on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Korea, South Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, South Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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