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Kyrgyzstan Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Kyrgyzstan Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Central Asia, west of China, south of Kazakhstan

Geographic coordinates:
41 00 N, 75 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 199,951 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 191,801 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 8,150 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 88

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than South Dakota

Land boundaries:
total: 4,573 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (4): China 1063 km, Kazakhstan 1212 km, Tajikistan 984 km, Uzbekistan 1314 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan Mountains; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone
More Climate Details

Terrain:
peaks of the Tien Shan mountain range and associated valleys and basins encompass the entire country

Elevation:
mean elevation: 2,988 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 132 m lowest point: Kara-Daryya (Karadar'ya)
7439 highest point: Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy)

Natural resources:
abundant hydropower; gold, rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc

Land use:
agricultural land: 55.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 6.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 48.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 5.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 39.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
10,233 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the vast majority of Kyrgyzstanis live in rural areas; densest population settlement is to the north in and around the capital, Bishkek, followed by Osh in the west; the least densely populated area is the east, southeast in the Tien Shan mountains

Natural hazards:
major flooding during snow melt; prone to earthquakes

Environment - current issues:
water pollution; many people get their water directly from contaminated streams and wells; as a result, water-borne diseases are prevalent; increasing soil salinity from faulty irrigation practices; air pollution due to rapid increase of traffic

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; entirely mountainous, dominated by the Tien Shan range; 94% of the country is 1,000 m above sea level with an average elevation of 2,750 m; many tall peaks, glaciers, and high-altitude lakes


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Kyrgyzstan on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kyrgyzstan Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kyrgyzstan Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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