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Laos Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Laos Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam

Geographic coordinates:
18 00 N, 105 00 E

Map references:
Southeast Asia

Area:
total: 236,800 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 230,800 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 6,000 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 85

Area - comparative:
about twice the size of Pennsylvania; slightly larger than Utah


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

about twice the size of Pennsylvania; slightly larger than Utah

Land boundaries:
total: 5,274 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (5): Burma 238 km, Cambodia 555 km, China 475 km, Thailand 1845 km, Vietnam 2161 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
tropical monsoon; rainy season (May to November); dry season (December to April)
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly rugged mountains; some plains and plateaus

Elevation:
mean elevation: 710 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 70 m lowest point: Mekong River
2817 highest point: Phu Bia

Natural resources:
timber, hydropower, gypsum, tin, gold, gemstones

Land use:
agricultural land: 10.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 6.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 3.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 67.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 21.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
3,100 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
most densely populated area is in and around the capital city of Vientiane; large communities are primarily found along the Mekong River along the southwestern border; overall density is considered one of the lowest in Southeast Asia

Natural hazards:
floods, droughts

Environment - current issues:
unexploded ordnance; deforestation; soil erosion; loss of biodiversity; water pollution, most of the population does not have access to potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; most of the country is mountainous and thickly forested; the Mekong River forms a large part of the western boundary with Thailand


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Laos on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Laos Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Laos Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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