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Latvia Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Latvia Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania

Geographic coordinates:
57 00 N, 25 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 64,589 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 62,249 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 2,340 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 125

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than West Virginia


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly larger than West Virginia

Land boundaries:
total: 1,370 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (4): Belarus 161 km, Estonia 333 km, Lithuania 544 km, Russia 332 km

Coastline:
498 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: limits as agreed to by Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Sweden, and Russia
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
maritime; wet, moderate winters
More Climate Details

Terrain:
low plain

Elevation:
mean elevation: 87 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Baltic Sea
312 highest point: Gaizina Kalns

Natural resources:
peat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 29.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 18.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 10.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 54.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 16.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
12 sq km (2012)
note: land in Latvia is often too wet and in need of drainage not irrigation; approximately 16,000 sq km or 85% of agricultural land has been improved by drainage
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
largest concentration of people is found in and around the port and capital city of Riga; small agglomerations are scattered throughout the country

Natural hazards:
large percentage of agricultural fields can become waterlogged and require drainage

Environment - current issues:
while land, water, and air pollution are evident, Latvia's environment has benefited from a shift to service industries after the country regained independence; improvements have occurred in drinking water quality, sewage treatment, household and hazardous waste management, as well as reduction of air pollution; concerns include nature protection and the management of water resources and the protection of the Baltic Sea

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
most of the country is composed of fertile low-lying plains with some hills in the east


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Latvia on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Latvia Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Latvia Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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