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Lebanon Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/lebanon/lebanon_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Lebanon Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria

Geographic coordinates:
33 50 N, 35 50 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 10,400 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 10,230 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 170 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 170

Area - comparative:
about one-third the size of Maryland
Area comparison map: about one-third the size of Maryland

Land boundaries:
total: 484 km
border countries (2): Israel 81 km, Syria 403 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
225 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate:
Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; the Lebanon Mountains experience heavy winter snows

Terrain:
narrow coastal plain; El Beqaa (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,250 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m highest point: Qornet es Saouda 3,088 m

Natural resources:
limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 63.3% arable land 11.9%; permanent crops 12.3%; permanent pasture 39.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 13.4%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 23.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,040 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
the majority of the people live on or near the Mediterranean coast, and of these most live in and around the capital, Beirut; favorable growing conditions in the Bekaa Valley, on the southeastern side of the Lebanon Mountains, have attracted farmers and thus the area exhibits a smaller population density

Natural hazards:
dust storms, sandstorms

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Beirut from vehicular traffic and the burning of industrial wastes; pollution of coastal waters from raw sewage and oil spills

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
smallest country in continental Asia; Nahr el Litani is the only major river in Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity


NOTE: The information regarding Lebanon on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Lebanon Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lebanon Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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