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Maldives Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/maldives/maldives_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Maldives Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southern Asia, group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India

Geographic coordinates:
3 15 N, 73 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 298 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 298 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 210

Area - comparative:
about 1.7 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
644 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (November to March); rainy, southwest monsoon (June to August)

Terrain:
flat, with white sandy beaches

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1.8 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed location on Viligili in the Addu Atholhu 2.4 m

Natural resources:
fish

Land use:
agricultural land: 23.3% arable land 10%; permanent crops 10%; permanent pasture 3.3%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 3%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 73.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
0 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
tsunamis; low elevation of islands makes them sensitive to sea level rise

Environment - current issues:
depletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies; coral reef bleaching

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
smallest Asian country; archipelago of 1,190 coral islands grouped into 26 atolls (200 inhabited islands, plus 80 islands with tourist resorts); strategic location astride and along major sea lanes in Indian Ocean


NOTE: The information regarding Maldives on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Maldives Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Maldives Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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