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Mauritius PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Mauritius PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
1,356,388 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Mauritian(s)
adjective: Mauritian

Ethnic groups:
Indo-Mauritian (compose approximately two thirds of the total population), Creole, Sino-Mauritian, Franco-Mauritian
note: Mauritius has not had a question on ethnicity on its national census since 1972

Languages:
Creole 86.5%, Bhojpuri 5.3%, French 4.1%, two languages 1.4%, other 2.6% (includes English, the official language of the National Assembly, which is spoken by less than 1% of the population), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)

Religions:
Hindu 48.5%, Roman Catholic 26.3%, Muslim 17.3%, other Christian 6.4%, other 0.6%, none 0.7%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)

Demographic profile:
Mauritius has transitioned from a country of high fertility and high mortality rates in the 1950s and mid-1960s to one with among the lowest population growth rates in the developing world today. After World War II, Mauritius’ population began to expand quickly due to increased fertility and a dramatic drop in mortality rates as a result of improved health care and the eradication of malaria. This period of heightened population growth – reaching about 3% a year – was followed by one of the world’s most rapid birth rate declines. The total fertility rate fell from 6.2 children per women in 1963 to 3.2 in 1972 – largely the result of improved educational attainment, especially among young women, accompanied by later marriage and the adoption of family planning methods. The family planning programs’ success was due to support from the government and eventually the traditionally pronatalist religious communities, which both recognized that controlling population growth was necessary because of Mauritius’ small size and limited resources. Mauritius’ fertility rate has consistently been below replacement level since the late 1990s, a rate that is substantially lower than nearby countries in southern Africa. With no indigenous population, Mauritius’ ethnic mix is a product of more than two centuries of European colonialism and continued international labor migration. Sugar production relied on slave labor mainly from Madagascar, Mozambique, and East Africa from the early 18th century until its abolition in 1835, when slaves were replaced with indentured Indians. Most of the influx of indentured labor – peaking between the late 1830s and early 1860 – settled permanently creating massive population growth of more than 7% a year and reshaping the island’s social and cultural composition. While Indians represented about 12% of Mauritius’ population in 1837, they and their descendants accounted for roughly two-thirds by the end of the 19th century. Most were Hindus, but the majority of the free Indian traders were Muslims. Mauritius again turned to overseas labor when its success in clothing and textile exports led to a labor shortage in the mid-1980s. Clothing manufacturers brought in contract workers (increasingly women) from China, India, and, to a lesser extent Bangladesh and Madagascar, who worked longer hours for lower wages under poor conditions and were viewed as more productive than locals. Downturns in the sugar and textile industries in the mid-2000s and a lack of highly qualified domestic workers for Mauritius’ growing services sector led to the emigration of low-skilled workers and a reliance on skilled foreign labor. Since 2007, Mauritius has pursued a circular migration program to enable citizens to acquire new skills and savings abroad and then return home to start businesses and to invest in the country’s development.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 20.16% (male 139,721/female 133,765)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 14.8% (male 101,453/female 99,288)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 43.74% (male 296,795/female 296,485)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 11.59% (male 74,650/female 82,585)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 9.71% (male 53,985/female 77,661) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 41.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 27.5
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 14.1
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 7.1 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 35.3 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 34.2 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 36.3 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 77

Population growth rate:
0.59% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
13 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 127
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population density is one of the highest in the world; urban cluster are found throught the main island, with a greater density in and around Port Luis; population on Rodrigues Island is spread across the island with a slightly denser cluster on the north coast

Urbanization:
urban population: 39.4% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 0.07% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
PORT LOUIS (capital) 135,000 (2014)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Maternal mortality ratio:
53 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 9.8 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 11.6 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 7.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 140

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 75.8 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 72.4 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 79.5 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 98
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
1.75 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
63.8% (2014)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
4.8% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 146
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.93 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 99.9% of population rural: 99.8% of population total: 99.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population rural: 0.2% of population total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 93.9% of population rural: 92.6% of population total: 93.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.1% of population rural: 7.4% of population total: 6.9% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
10.8% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 137
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
5% of GDP (2015)
country comparison to the world: 123

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.7%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 94.9%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 90.7% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 15 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 14 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 15 years (2015)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 26.3%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 21.6%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 32.7% (2015 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 46


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Mauritius on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mauritius PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mauritius PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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