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Navassa Island Geography - 2024


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, 30 nm west of Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti

Geographic coordinates

18 25 N, 75 02 W

Map references

Central America and the Caribbean


total: 5 sq km

land: 5.4 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative

about nine times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries

total: 0 km


8 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


marine, tropical


raised flat to undulating coral and limestone plateau; ringed by vertical white cliffs (9 to 15 m high)


highest point: 200 m NNW of lighthouse 85 m

lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Natural resources

guano (mining discontinued in 1898)

Land use

other: 100% (2018 est.)

Natural hazards


Geography - note

strategic location 160 km south of the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; mostly exposed rock with numerous solution holes (limestone sinkholes) but with enough grassland to support goat herds; dense stands of fig trees, scattered cactus

NOTE: The information regarding Navassa Island on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Navassa Island 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Navassa Island 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.