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Netherlands Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/netherlands/netherlands_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Netherlands Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

Geographic coordinates:
52 30 N, 5 45 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 41,543 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 33,893 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 7,650 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 135

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Land boundaries:
total: 1,053 km
border countries (2): Belgium 478 km, Germany 575 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
451 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Climate:
temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

Terrain:
mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 30 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m highest point: Mount Scenery 862 m (on the island of Saba in the Caribbean, now considered an integral part of the Netherlands following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles)
note: the highest point on continental Netherlands is Vaalserberg at 322 m

Natural resources:
natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 55.1% arable land 29.8%; permanent crops 1.1%; permanent pasture 24.2%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 10.8%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 34.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
4,860 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
an area known as the Randstad, anchored by the cities of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, the Hague, and Utrecht, is the most densely populated region; the north tends to be less dense, though sizeable communities can be found throughout the entire country

Natural hazards:
flooding

Environment - current issues:
water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)


NOTE: The information regarding Netherlands on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Netherlands Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Netherlands Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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