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New Caledonia Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











New Caledonia Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

Geographic coordinates:
21 30 S, 165 30 E

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 18,575 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 18,275 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 300 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 156

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
2,254 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid
More Climate Details

Terrain:
coastal plains with interior mountains

Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m

Natural resources:
nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper

Land use:
agricultural land: 10.4% arable land 0.4%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 9.8%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 45.9%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 43.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
100 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
most of the populace lives in the southern part of the main island, in and around the capital of Noumea

Natural hazards:
cyclones, most frequent from November to March
volcanism: Matthew and Hunter Islands are historically active

Environment - current issues:
erosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires

Geography - note:
consists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls

NOTE: 1) The information regarding New Caledonia on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of New Caledonia Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about New Caledonia Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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