New Zealand Geography 2019


New Zealand Geography 2019

Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia

Geographic coordinates:
41 00 S, 174 00 E

Map references:

total: 268,838 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 264,537 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 4,301 sq km
note: includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands
country comparison to the world: 77

Area - comparative:
almost twice the size of North Carolina; about the size of Colorado

Area comparison map:Area comparison map

almost twice the size of North Carolina; about the size of Colorado

Land boundaries:
0 km

15,134 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

temperate with sharp regional contrasts
More Climate Details

predominately mountainous with large coastal plains

mean elevation: 388 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
3724 highest point: Aoraki-Mount Cook

Natural resources:
natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone

Land use:
agricultural land: 43.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 1.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 41.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 31.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 25.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
7,210 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
over three-quarters of New Zealanders, including the indigenous Maori, live on the North Island, primarily in urban areas

Natural hazards:
earthquakes are common, though usually not severe; volcanic activity

volcanism: significant volcanism on North Island; Ruapehu (2,797 m), which last erupted in 2007, has a history of large eruptions in the past century; Taranaki has the potential to produce dangerous avalanches and lahars; other historically active volcanoes include Okataina, Raoul Island, Tongariro, and White Island; see note 2 under "Geography - note"

Environment - current issues:
water quality and availability; rapid urbanisation; deforestation; soil erosion and degradation; native flora and fauna hard-hit by invasive species; negative effects of climate change

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Antarctic Seals, Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:

note 1: consists of two main islands and a number of smaller islands; South Island, the larger main island, is the 12th largest island in the world and is divided along its length by the Southern Alps; North Island is the 14th largest island in the world and is not as mountainous, but it is marked by volcanism

note 2: New Zealand lies along the Ring of Fire, a belt of active volcanoes and earthquake epicenters bordering the Pacific Ocean; up to 90% of the world's earthquakes and some 75% of the world's volcanoes occur within the Ring of Fire

note 3: almost 90% of the population lives in cities and over three-quarters on North Island; Wellington is the southernmost national capital in the world

NOTE: 1) The information regarding New Zealand on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of New Zealand Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about New Zealand Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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