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New Zealand Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/new_zealand/new_zealand_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











New Zealand Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia

Geographic coordinates:
41 00 S, 174 00 E

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 268,838 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 264,537 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 4,301 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands
country comparison to the world: 76

Area - comparative:
almost twice the size of North Carolina; about the size of Colorado
Area comparison map: almost twice the size of North Carolina; about the size of Colorado

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
15,134 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:
temperate with sharp regional contrasts

Terrain:
predominately mountainous with large coastal plains

Elevation:
mean elevation: 388 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: Aoraki-Mount Cook 3,754 m

Natural resources:
natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone

Land use:
agricultural land: 43.2% arable land 1.8%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 41.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 31.4%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 25.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
7,210 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
earthquakes are common, though usually not severe; volcanic activity
volcanism: significant volcanism on North Island; Ruapehu (elev. 2,797 m), which last erupted in 2007, has a history of large eruptions in the past century; Taranaki has the potential to produce dangerous avalanches and lahars; other historically active volcanoes include Okataina, Raoul Island, Tongariro, and White Island

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by invasive species

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Antarctic Seals, Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
almost 90% of the population lives in cities; Wellington is the southernmost national capital in the world


NOTE: The information regarding New Zealand on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of New Zealand Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about New Zealand Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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