Nicaragua PEOPLE 2018, CIA World Factbook
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Nicaragua PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Nicaragua PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
6,025,951 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Nicaraguan(s)
adjective: Nicaraguan

Ethnic groups:
mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%

Languages:
Spanish (official) 95.3%, Miskito 2.2%, Mestizo of the Caribbean coast 2%, other 0.5%
note: English and indigenous languages found on the Caribbean coast (2005 est.)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 51.6%, Evangelical 33.9%, other 1.5%, unspecified 12.9%, none 0.2% (2016 est.)

Demographic profile:
Despite being one of the poorest countries in Latin America, Nicaragua has improved its access to potable water and sanitation and has ameliorated its life expectancy, infant and child mortality, and immunization rates. However, income distribution is very uneven, and the poor, agriculturalists, and indigenous people continue to have less access to healthcare services. Nicaragua's total fertility rate has fallen from around 6 children per woman in 1980 to below replacement level today, but the high birth rate among adolescents perpetuates a cycle of poverty and low educational attainment. Nicaraguans emigrate primarily to Costa Rica and to a lesser extent the United States. Nicaraguan men have been migrating seasonally to Costa Rica to harvest bananas and coffee since the early 20th century. Political turmoil, civil war, and natural disasters from the 1970s through the 1990s dramatically increased the flow of refugees and permanent migrants seeking jobs, higher wages, and better social and healthcare benefits. Since 2000, Nicaraguan emigration to Costa Rica has slowed and stabilized. Today roughly 300,000 Nicaraguans are permanent residents of Costa Rica - about 75% of the foreign population - and thousands more migrate seasonally for work, many illegally.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 27.24% (male 837,465/female 803,985)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.26% (male 644,153/female 636,787)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 40.24% (male 1,149,747/female 1,274,818)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 5.98% (male 166,782/female 193,781)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 5.28% (male 141,816/female 176,617) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 54.1
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 46.3
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 7.8
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 12.8 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 25.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 24.8 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 26.6 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 152

Population growth rate:
0.98% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 116
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
17.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
5.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 189
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-2.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the overwhelming majority of the population resides in the western half of the country, with much of the urban growth centered in the capital city of Managua; coastal areas also show large population clusters

Urbanization:
urban population: 59.4% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.84% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
MANAGUA (capital) 956,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
19.2 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011/12 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio:
150 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 18.3 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 21.1 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 15.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 89

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 73.5 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 71.3 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 75.8 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 133
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
1.89 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
80.4% (2011/12)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
9% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 41
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.91 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.9 beds/1,000 population (2012)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 99.3% of population rural: 69.4% of population total: 87% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population rural: 30.6% of population total: 13% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 76.5% of population rural: 55.7% of population total: 67.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 23.5% of population rural: 44.3% of population total: 32.1% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.2% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
8,900 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
<500 (2016 est.)
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
23.7% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 63
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
4.5% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 88

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 82.8%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 82.4%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 83.2% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 11.9%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 9.8%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 15.6% (2010 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 110


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Nicaragua on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nicaragua PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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