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Niger Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Niger Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

Geographic coordinates:
16 00 N, 8 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 1.267 million sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,266,700 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 300 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 23

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Texas


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 5,834 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (7): Algeria 951 km, Benin 277 km, Burkina Faso 622 km, Chad 1196 km, Libya 342 km, Mali 838 km, Nigeria 1608 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south
More Climate Details

Terrain:
predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north

Elevation:
mean elevation: 474 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 200 m lowest point: Niger River
2022 highest point: Idoukal-n-Taghes

Natural resources:
uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum

Land use:
agricultural land: 35.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 12.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 22.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 63.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,000 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
majority of the populace is located in the southernmost extreme of the country along the border with Nigeria and Benin

Natural hazards:
recurring droughts

Environment - current issues:
overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; contaminated water; inadequate potable water; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
landlocked; one of the hottest countries in the world; northern four-fifths is desert, southern one-fifth is savanna, suitable for livestock and limited agriculture


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Niger on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Niger Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Niger Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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