Open translate

Niue People - 2024


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


2,000 (July 2022 est.)

note: because of the island's limited economic and educational opportunities, Niueans have emigrated for decades - primarily to New Zealand, but also to Australia and other Pacific island states; Niue's population peaked in 1966 at 5,194, but by 2005 had fallen to 1,508; since then it has rebounded slightly; as of 2013, 23,883 people of Niuean ancestry lived in New Zealand - with more than 20% Niue-born; this means that there are about 15 times as many persons of Niuean ancestry living in New Zealand as in Niue, possibly the most eccentric population distribution in the world


noun: Niuean(s)

adjective: Niuean

Ethnic groups

Niuean 65.4%, part-Niuean 14%, non-Niuean 20.6% (2017 est.)

note: data represent the resident population


Niuean (official) 46% (a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan), Niuean and English 32%, English (official) 11%, Niuean and others 5%, other 6% (2011 est.)


Ekalesia Niue (Congregational Christian Church of Niue - a Protestant church founded by missionaries from the London Missionary Society) 61.7%, Church of Jesus Christ 8.7%, Roman Catholic 8.4%, Jehovah's Witness 2.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.4%, other 8.2%, none 8.9% (2017 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: NA

15-64 years: NA

65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 70.4

youth dependency ratio: 44.9

elderly dependency ratio: 25.4

potential support ratio: 3.9 (2021)

Population growth rate

-0.03% (2021 est.)

Birth rate


Death rate

(2021 est.) NA

Net migration rate

(2021 est.)

Population distribution

population distributed around the peripheral coastal areas of the island


urban population: 48.2% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 1.43% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

1,000 ALOFI (capital) (2018)

Sex ratio


Infant mortality rate

total: NA

male: NA

female: NA

Life expectancy at birth

total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA

Total fertility rate

(2021 est.) NA

Contraceptive prevalence rate


Drinking water source

improved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 97% of population

unimproved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 3% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

7.8% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density


Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 95.5% of population

unimproved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 4.5% of population (2020 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

50% (2016)

Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 8.5 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 4.28 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 1.89 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 2.33 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight


Education expenditures



total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA

NOTE: The information regarding Niue on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Niue 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Niue 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.