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Northern Mariana Islands Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Northern Mariana Islands Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

Geographic coordinates:
15 12 N, 145 45 E

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 464 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 464 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: consists of 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian
country comparison to the world: 197

Area - comparative:
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
1,482 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October

Terrain:
the southern islands in this north-south trending archipelago are limestone, with fringing coral reefs; the northern islands are volcanic, with active volcanoes on several islands

Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed elevation on Agrihan 965 m

Natural resources:
arable land, fish

Land use:
agricultural land: 6.6% arable land 2.2%; permanent crops 2.2%; permanent pasture 2.2%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 65.5%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 27.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
approximately 90% of the population lives on the island of Saipan

Natural hazards:
active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)

Environment - current issues:
contamination of groundwater on Saipan may contribute to disease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts with development

Geography - note:
strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Northern Mariana Islands on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Northern Mariana Islands Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Northern Mariana Islands Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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