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Norway Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/norway/norway_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Norway Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden

Geographic coordinates:
62 00 N, 10 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 323,802 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 304,282 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 19,520 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 68

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than twice the size of Georgia; slightly larger than New Mexico
Area comparison map: slightly larger than twice the size of Georgia; slightly larger than New Mexico

Land boundaries:
total: 2,566 km
border countries (3): Finland 709 km, Sweden 1,666 km, Russia 191 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
25,148 km (includes mainland 2,650 km, as well as long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 22,498 km; length of island coastlines 58,133 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 10 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm

Climate:
temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast

Terrain:
glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

Elevation:
mean elevation: 460 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m highest point: Galdhopiggen 2,469 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 2.7% arable land 2.2%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0.5%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 27.8%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 69.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
900 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
most Norweigans live in the south where the climate is more mild and there is better connectivity to mainland Europe; population clusters are found all along the North Sea coast in the southwest, and Skaggerak in the southeast; the interior areas of the north remain sparsely populated

Natural hazards:
rockslides, avalanches
volcanism: Beerenberg (elev. 2,227 m) on Jan Mayen Island in the Norwegian Sea is the country's only active volcano

Environment - current issues:
water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much-indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of the most rugged and longest coastlines in the world


NOTE: The information regarding Norway on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Norway Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Norway Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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