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Oman Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/oman/oman_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Oman Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and the UAE

Geographic coordinates:
21 00 N, 57 00 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 309,500 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 309,500 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 71

Area - comparative:
twice the size of Georgia; slightly smaller than Kansas
Area comparison map: twice the size of Georgia; slightly smaller than Kansas

Land boundaries:
total: 1,561 km
border countries (3): Saudi Arabia 658 km, UAE 609 km, Yemen 294 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
2,092 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south

Terrain:
central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south

Elevation:
mean elevation: 310 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m highest point: Jabal Shams 2,980 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas

Land use:
agricultural land: 4.7% arable land 0.1%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 4.5%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 0%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 95.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
590 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
the vast majority of the population is located in and around the Al Hagar Mountains in the north of the country; another smaller cluster is found around the city of Salalah in the far south; most of the country remains sparsely poplulated

Natural hazards:
summer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms in interior; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues:
rising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; limited natural freshwater resources

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
consists of Oman proper and two northern exclaves, Musandam and Al Madhah; the former is a peninsula that occupies a strategic location adjacent to the Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil


NOTE: The information regarding Oman on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Oman Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Oman Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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This page was last modified 22-Feb-17
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