Saint Helena Ascension and Tristan da Cunha People - 2023


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


7,935 (2023 est.)

note: Saint Helena's Statistical Office estimated the resident population to be 4,439 in 2021; only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited, none of the other nearby islands/islets are


noun: Saint Helenian(s)

adjective: Saint Helenian

note: referred to locally as "Saints"

Ethnic groups

African descent 50%, White 25%, Chinese 25%




Protestant 75.9% (includes Anglican 68.9, Baptist 2.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.8%, Salvation Army 1.7%, New Apostolic 1.4%), Jehovah's Witness 4.1%, Roman Catholic 1.2%, other 2.5% (includes Baha'i), unspecified 0.8%, none 6.1%, no response 9.4% (2016 est.)

note: data represent Saint Helena only

Demographic profile

The vast majority of the population of Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha live on Saint Helena. Ascension has no indigenous or permanent residents and is inhabited only by persons contracted to work on the island (mainly with the UK and US military or in the space and communications industries) or their dependents, while Tristan da Cunha – the main island in a small archipelago – has fewer than 300 residents. The population of Saint Helena consists of the descendants of 17th century British sailors and settlers from the East India Company, African slaves, and indentured servants and laborers from India, Indonesia, and China. Most of the population of Ascension are Saint Helenians, Britons, and Americans, while that of Tristan da Cunha descends from shipwrecked sailors and Saint Helenians.

Change in Saint Helena’s population size is driven by net outward migration. Since the 1980s, Saint Helena’s population steadily has shrunk and aged as the birth rate has decreased and many working-age residents left for better opportunities elsewhere. The restoration of British citizenship in 2002 accelerated family emigration; from 1998 to 2008 alone, population declined by about 20%.

In the 2010s, the population experienced some temporary growth, as foreigners and returning Saint Helenians, came to build an international airport, but numbers faded as the project reached completion and workers departed. With the airport fully operational, increased access to the remote island has the potential to boost tourism and fishing, provide more jobs for Saint Helenians domestically, and could encourage some ex-patriots to return home. In the meantime, however, Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha have to contend with the needs of an aging population. The elderly population of the islands has risen from an estimated 9.4% in 1998 to 18% in 2022.

Age structure

0-14 years: 14.48% (male 586/female 563)

15-64 years: 66.87% (male 2,640/female 2,666)

65 years and over: 18.65% (2023 est.) (male 753/female 727)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 68.6 NA

youth dependency ratio: 23.6 NA

elderly dependency ratio: 45.1 NA

potential support ratio: 2.2 (2021) NA

Median age

total: 43.2 years

male: 43.2 years

female: 43.3 years (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

0.11% (2023 est.)

Birth rate

9.33 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate

8.19 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution

Saint Helena - population is concentrated in and around the capital Jamestown in the northwest, with another significant cluster in the interior Longwood area; Ascension - largest settlement, and location of most of the population, is Georgetown; Tristan da Cunha - most of the nearly 300 inhabitants live in the northern coastal town of Edinburgh of the Seven Seas


urban population: 40.7% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 0.98% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030

Major urban areas - population

1,000 JAMESTOWN (capital) (2018)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.04 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 18.62 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 22.37 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 14.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 80.7 years

male: 77.82 years

female: 83.72 years (2023 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.61 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Gross reproduction rate

0.78 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate


Drinking water source

improved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 99.1% of population

unimproved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 0.9% of population (2020)

Current health expenditure


Physicians density


Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 0% of population (2020)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight


Education expenditures



total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA

NOTE: The information regarding Saint Helena Ascension and Tristan da Cunha on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Saint Helena Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Saint Helena Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 06 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.