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Saint Martin Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Saint Martin Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Caribbean, located in the Leeward Islands (northern) group; French part of the island of Saint Martin in the Caribbean Sea; Saint Martin lies east of the US Virgin Islands

Geographic coordinates:
18 05 N, 63 57 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 54.4 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 54.4 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: negligible
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 231

Area - comparative:
more than one-third the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
total: 16 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (1): Sint Maarten 16 km

Coastline:
58.9 km (for entire island)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Climate:
temperature averages 27-29 degrees Celsius all year long; low humidity, gentle trade winds, brief, intense rain showers; hurricane season stretches from July to November

Elevation:
0 m lowest point: Caribbean Ocean
424 highest point: Pic du Paradis

Natural resources:
salt

Population distribution:
most of the population is found along the coast, with a largest concentrations around the capital Marigot, Orleans, and Grand-Case

Natural hazards:
subject to hurricanes from July to November

Environment - current issues:
excessive population pressure (increasing settlement); waste management; salinity intrusions into the main land of the island; fresh water supply is dependent on desalination of sea water; over exploitation of marine resources (reef fisheries, coral and shell); indiscriminate anchoring of boats damages coral reefs,causing underwater pollution and changes the sediment dynamics of Saint Martin's Island

Geography - note:
the southern border is shared with Sint Maarten, a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands; together, these two entities make up the smallest landmass in the world shared by two self-governing states

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Saint Martin on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Saint Martin Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Saint Martin Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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