Saint Pierre and Miquelon People - 2023


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


5,195 (2023 est.)


noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)

adjective: French

Ethnic groups

Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)


French (official)

major-language sample(s):
The World Factbook, une source indispensable d'informations de base. (French)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

French audio sample:


Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%

Age structure

0-14 years: 13.42% (male 358/female 339)

15-64 years: 61.98% (male 1,590/female 1,630)

65 years and over: 24.6% (2023 est.) (male 563/female 715)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 52

youth dependency ratio: 26.1

elderly dependency ratio: 25.9

potential support ratio: 3.9 (2021)

Median age

total: 48.5 years

male: 47.9 years

female: 49 years (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

-1.19% (2023 est.)

Birth rate

6.54 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate

11.36 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate

-7.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution

most of the population is found on Saint Pierre Island; a small settlement is located on the north end of Miquelon Island


urban population: 90.1% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 0.75% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030

Major urban areas - population

6,000 SAINT-PIERRE (capital) (2018)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 7.97 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.87 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 5.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 81.62 years

male: 79.27 years

female: 84.11 years (2023 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.59 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Gross reproduction rate

0.77 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate


Drinking water source

improved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 91.4% of population

unimproved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 8.6% of population (2017 est.)

Current health expenditure


Physicians density


Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: N/A

rural: N/A

total: 0% of population (2020)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight


Currently married women (ages 15-49)

64.1% (2023 est.)

Education expenditures



total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA

NOTE: The information regarding Saint Pierre and Miquelon on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 06 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.