noun: Senegalese (singular and plural)
Wolof 37.1%, Pular 26.2%, Serer 17%, Mandinka 5.6%, Jola 4.5%, Soninke 1.4%, other 8.3% (includes Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2017 est.)
French (official), Wolof, Pular, Jola, Mandinka, Serer, Soninke
Muslim 95.9% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 4.1% (mostly Roman Catholic) (2016 est.)
Senegal has a large and growing youth population but has not been successful in developing its potential human capital. Senegal’s high total fertility rate of almost 4.5 children per woman continues to bolster the country’s large youth cohort – more than 60% of the population is under the age of 25. Fertility remains high because of the continued desire for large families, the low use of family planning, and early childbearing. Because of the country’s high illiteracy rate (more than 40%), high unemployment (even among university graduates), and widespread poverty, Senegalese youths face dim prospects; women are especially disadvantaged.
Senegal historically was a destination country for economic migrants, but in recent years West African migrants more often use Senegal as a transit point to North Africa – and sometimes illegally onward to Europe. The country also has been host to several thousand black Mauritanian refugees since they were expelled from their homeland during its 1989 border conflict with Senegal. The country’s economic crisis in the 1970s stimulated emigration; departures accelerated in the 1990s. Destinations shifted from neighboring countries, which were experiencing economic decline, civil wars, and increasing xenophobia, to Libya and Mauritania because of their booming oil industries and to developed countries (most notably former colonial ruler France, as well as Italy and Spain). The latter became attractive in the 1990s because of job opportunities and their periodic regularization programs (legalizing the status of illegal migrants).
Additionally, about 16,000 Senegalese refugees still remain in The Gambia and Guinea-Bissau as a result of more than 30 years of fighting between government forces and rebel separatists in southern Senegal’s Casamance region.
0-14 years: 40.38% (male 3,194,454/female 3,160,111)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.35% (male 1,596,896/female 1,606,084)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 31.95% (male 2,327,424/female 2,700,698)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.21% (male 283,480/female 378,932)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 212,332/female 275,957) (2020 est.)
NOTE: 1) The information regarding Senegal on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Senegal People 2020 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Senegal People 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues:
a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
b) The CIA sometimes assigns counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order.
- Main Index
- 2020 Index
- Country Ranks
- Senegal Index 2020
- Senegal Main Index
- Gov. Leaders
- Airport Codes
- Transnational Issues
- Advertise Here
This page was last modified 27-Jan-20