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Sierra Leone Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Sierra Leone Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia

Geographic coordinates:
8 30 N, 11 30 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 71,740 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 71,620 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 120 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 120

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries:
total: 1,093 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (2): Guinea 794 km, Liberia 299 km

Coastline:
402 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)
More Climate Details

Terrain:
coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east

Elevation:
mean elevation: 279 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m

Natural resources:
diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite

Land use:
agricultural land: 56.2% arable land 23.4%; permanent crops 2.3%; permanent pasture 30.5%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 37.5%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 6.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
300 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population clusters are found in the lower elevations of the south and west; the northern third of the country is less populated

Natural hazards:
dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to February); sandstorms, dust storms

Environment - current issues:
rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleted natural resources; overfishing

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Geography - note:
rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Sierra Leone on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sierra Leone Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sierra Leone Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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