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South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Geography - 2024


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of the tip of South America

Geographic coordinates

54 30 S, 37 00 W

Map references

Antarctic Region


total: 3,903 sq km

land: 3,903 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Shag Rocks, Black Rock, Clerke Rocks, South Georgia Island, Bird Island, and the South Sandwich Islands, which consist of 11 islands

Area - comparative

slightly larger than Rhode Island

Land boundaries

total: 0 km



Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm


variable, with mostly westerly winds throughout the year interspersed with periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow


most of the islands are rugged and mountainous rising steeply from the sea; South Georgia is largely barren with steep, glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin with some active volcanoes


highest point: Mount Paget (South Georgia) 2,934 m

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Natural resources


Land use

other: 100% (2018 est.)

Irrigated land

0 sq km (2022)

Natural hazards

the South Sandwich Islands have prevailing weather conditions that generally make them difficult to approach by ship; they are also subject to active volcanism

Geography - note

the north coast of South Georgia has several large bays, which provide good anchorage

NOTE: The information regarding South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.