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Tunisia Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Tunisia Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

Geographic coordinates:
34 00 N, 9 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 163,610 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 155,360 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 8,250 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 94

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Georgia
Area comparison map: slightly larger than Georgia

Land boundaries:
total: 1,495 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (2): Algeria 1,034 km, Libya 461 km

Coastline:
1,148 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

Elevation:
mean elevation: 246 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m highest point: Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt

Land use:
agricultural land: 64.8% arable land 18.3%; permanent crops 15.4%; permanent pasture 31.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 6.6%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 28.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
4,590 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
the overwhelming majority of the population is located in the northern half of the country; the south remains largely underpopulated

Natural hazards:
flooding; earthquakes; droughts

Environment - current issues:
toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and poses health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural freshwater resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
strategic location in central Mediterranean; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Tunisia on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tunisia Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tunisia Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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