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Turkey PEOPLE 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/turkey/turkey_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Turkey PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
80,274,604 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Turk(s)
adjective: Turkish

Ethnic groups:
Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)

Languages:
Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages

Religions:
Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 25.08% (male 10,303,153/female 9,833,713)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 16.11% (male 6,605,634/female 6,329,921)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 43.15% (male 17,541,137/female 17,094,141)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 8.36% (male 3,335,021/female 3,374,965)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 7.3% (male 2,603,655/female 3,253,264) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 49.7%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 38.4%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 11.3%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 8.9% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 30.5 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 30.1 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 31 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 110

Population growth rate:
0.9% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 125
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
16 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-1.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 146
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the most densely populated area is found around the Bosporus in the northwest where 20% of the population lives in Istanbul; with the exception of Ankara, urban centers remain small and scattered throughout the interior of Anatolia; an overall pattern of peripheral development exists, particularly along the western Mediterranean coast, and the Tigris and Euphrates River systems in the southeast

Urbanization:
urban population: 73.4% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.97% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
Istanbul 14.164 million; ANKARA (capital) 4.75 million; Izmir 3.04 million; Bursa 1.923 million; Adana 1.83 million; Gaziantep 1.528 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
22.3 (2010 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
16 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 18.2 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 19.4 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 16.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 92

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 74.8 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 72.5 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 77.3 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 115

Total fertility rate:
2.03 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
73% (2008)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.4% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 103
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.71 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 100% of population rural: 100% of population total: 100% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 0% of population rural: 0% of population total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 98.3% of population rural: 85.5% of population total: 94.9% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 1.7% of population rural: 14.5% of population total: 5.1% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
29.4% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 36
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
1.9% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 123
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
4.8% of GDP (2013)
country comparison to the world: 142
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 98.4%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 91.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 16 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 17 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 16 years (2013)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 321,866
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 3%
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]
note: data represent children ages 6-14 (2006 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 17.8%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 16.6%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 20.2% (2014 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 66


NOTE: The information regarding Turkey on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkey PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkey PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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