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Uganda PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Uganda PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
39,570,125
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Ugandan(s)
adjective: Ugandan

Ethnic groups:
Baganda 16.5%, Banyankole 9.6%, Basoga 8.8%, Bakiga 7.1%, Iteso 7%, Langi 6.3%, Bagisu 4.9%, Acholi 4.4%, Lugbara 3.3%, other 32.1% (2014 est.)

Languages:
English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic

Religions:
Protestant 45.1% (Anglican 32.0%, Pentecostal/Born Again/Evangelical 11.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.7%, Baptist .3%), Roman Catholic 39.3%, Muslim 13.7%, other 1.6%, none 0.2% (2014 est.)

Demographic profile:
Uganda has one of the youngest and most rapidly growing populations in the world; its total fertility rate is among the world’s highest at 5.8 children per woman. Except in urban areas, actual fertility exceeds women’s desired fertility by one or two children, which is indicative of the widespread unmet need for contraception, lack of government support for family planning, and a cultural preference for large families. High numbers of births, short birth intervals, and the early age of childbearing contribute to Uganda’s high maternal mortality rate. Gender inequities also make fertility reduction difficult; women on average are less-educated, participate less in paid employment, and often have little say in decisions over childbearing and their own reproductive health. However, even if the birth rate were significantly reduced, Uganda’s large pool of women entering reproductive age ensures rapid population growth for decades to come. Unchecked, population increase will further strain the availability of arable land and natural resources and overwhelm the country’s limited means for providing food, employment, education, health care, housing, and basic services. The country’s north and northeast lag even further behind developmentally than the rest of the country as a result of long-term conflict (the Ugandan Bush War 1981-1986 and more than 20 years of fighting between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and Ugandan Government forces), ongoing inter-communal violence, and periodic natural disasters. Uganda has been both a source of refugees and migrants and a host country for refugees. In 1972, then President Idi AMIN, in his drive to return Uganda to Ugandans, expelled the South Asian population that composed a large share of the country’s business people and bankers. Since the 1970s, thousands of Ugandans have emigrated, mainly to southern Africa or the West, for security reasons, to escape poverty, to search for jobs, and for access to natural resources. The emigration of Ugandan doctors and nurses due to low wages is a particular concern given the country’s shortage of skilled health care workers. Africans escaping conflicts in neighboring states have found refuge in Uganda since the 1950s; the country currently struggles to host tens of thousands from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, and other nearby countries.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 48.05% (male 9,486,324/female 9,526,713)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.1% (male 4,130,357/female 4,217,681)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 26.3% (male 5,208,817/female 5,199,556)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 2.57% (male 491,397/female 525,064)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 1.98% (male 343,805/female 440,411) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 101.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 97.2
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 4.4
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 22.8 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 15.8 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 15.7 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 15.9 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 227

Population growth rate:
3.2% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
42.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
10.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population density is relatively high in comparison to other African nations; most of the population is concentrated in the central and southern parts of the country, particularly along the shores of Lake Victoria and Lake Albert; the northeast is least populated

Urbanization:
urban population: 16.8% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 5.3% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
KAMPALA (capital) 1.936 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
18.9 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio:
343 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 56.1 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 65 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 47 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 20

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 55.9 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 54.4 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 57.3 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 212
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
5.71 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
36.9% (2016)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
7.2% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 77
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 95.5% of population rural: 75.8% of population total: 79% of population
unimproved: urban: 4.5% of population rural: 24.2% of population total: 21% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 28.5% of population rural: 17.3% of population total: 19.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 71.5% of population rural: 82.7% of population total: 80.9% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
6.5% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
1.4 million (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
28,000 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and trypanosomiasis-Gambiense (African sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
5.3% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 181
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
12% (2012)
country comparison to the world: 51
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
1.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 131

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78.4%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 85.3%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 71.5% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 10 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 10 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 10 years (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 2.6%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 2%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 3.2% (2013 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 154


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Uganda on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Uganda PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Uganda PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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