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Uruguay PEOPLE 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/uruguay/uruguay_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Uruguay PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
3,351,016 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 135
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Uruguayan(s)
adjective: Uruguayan

Ethnic groups:
white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)

Languages:
Spanish (official), Portunol, Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1% (2006)

Demographic profile:
Uruguay rates high for most development indicators and is known for its secularism, liberal social laws, and well-developed social security, health, and educational systems. It is one of the few countries in Latin America and the Caribbean where the entire population has access to clean water. Uruguay's provision of free primary through university education has contributed to the country's high levels of literacy and educational attainment. However, the emigration of human capital has diminished the state's return on its investment in education. Remittances from the roughly 18% of Uruguayans abroad amount to less than 1 percent of national GDP. The emigration of young adults and a low birth rate are causing Uruguay's population to age rapidly. In the 1960s, Uruguayans for the first time emigrated en masse - primarily to Argentina and Brazil - because of economic decline and the onset of more than a decade of military dictatorship. Economic crises in the early 1980s and 2002 also triggered waves of emigration, but since 2002 more than 70% of Uruguayan emigrants have selected the US and Spain as destinations because of better job prospects. Uruguay had a tiny population upon its independence in 1828 and welcomed thousands of predominantly Italian and Spanish immigrants, but the country has not experienced large influxes of new arrivals since the aftermath of World War II. More recent immigrants include Peruvians and Arabs.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 20.44% (male 348,547/female 336,435)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 15.78% (male 267,848/female 260,990)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 39.23% (male 649,702/female 664,933)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 10.41% (male 164,201/female 184,784)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 14.13% (male 189,197/female 284,379) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 55.9%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 33.4%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 22.5%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 4.4% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 34.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 33 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 36.4 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 78

Population growth rate:
0.27% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 179
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
13 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 155
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
9.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
most of the country's population resides in the southern half of the country; approximately 80% of the populace is urban, living in towns or cities; nearly half of the population lives in and around the capital of Montevideo

Urbanization:
urban population: 95.3% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 0.53% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
MONTEVIDEO (capital) 1.707 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
15 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 8.5 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 9.5 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 150

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 77.2 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 74.1 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 80.5 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 73

Total fertility rate:
1.81 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
8.6% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 41
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
3.74 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 100% of population rural: 93.9% of population total: 99.7% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 0% of population rural: 6.1% of population total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 96.6% of population rural: 92.6% of population total: 96.4% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 3.4% of population rural: 7.4% of population total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.48% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
10,100 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 89
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
300 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
27.6% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 64
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
4.5% (2011)
country comparison to the world: 94
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
4.4% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 92
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 98.2%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 98.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 16 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 14 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 17 years (2010)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 51,879
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 7% (2006 est.)
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 19.2%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 15.8%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 24% (2013 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 61


NOTE: The information regarding Uruguay on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Uruguay PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Uruguay PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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