| GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS |

Vanuatu Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Vanuatu Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia

Geographic coordinates:
16 00 S, 167 00 E

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 12,189 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 12,189 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
note: includes more than 80 islands, about 65 of which are inhabited
country comparison to the world: 163

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Connecticut

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
2,528 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

Climate:
tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from December to April
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains

Elevation:
0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
1877 highest point: Tabwemasana

Natural resources:
manganese, hardwood forests, fish

Land use:
agricultural land: 15.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 1.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 10.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 3.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 36.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 48.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
0 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
three-quarters of the population lives in rural areas; the urban populace lives primarily in two cities, Port-Vila and Lugenville; three largest islands - Espiritu Santo, Malakula, and Efate - accomodate over half of the populace

Natural hazards:
tropical cyclones (January to April); volcanic eruption on Aoba (Ambae) island began on 27 November 2005, volcanism also causes minor earthquakes; tsunamis

volcanism: significant volcanic activity with multiple eruptions in recent years; Yasur (361 m), one of the world's most active volcanoes, has experienced continuous activity in recent centuries; other historically active volcanoes include Aoba, Ambrym, Epi, Gaua, Kuwae, Lopevi, Suretamatai, and Traitor's Head

Environment - current issues:
population growth; water pollution, most of the population does not have access to a reliable supply of potable water; inadequate sanitation; deforestation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
a Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes and there are several underwater volcanoes as well


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Vanuatu on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Vanuatu Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Vanuatu Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
Copyright © 1995- , ITA (all rights reserved).

    . Feedback