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Western Sahara Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Western Sahara Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania and Morocco

Geographic coordinates:
24 30 N, 13 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 266,000 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 266,000 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 79

Area - comparative:
about the size of Colorado

Land boundaries:
total: 2,049 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (3): Algeria 41 km, Mauritania 1564 km, Morocco 444 km

Coastline:
1,110 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
contingent upon resolution of sovereignty issue

Climate:
hot, dry desert; rain is rare; cold offshore air currents produce fog and heavy dew

Terrain:
mostly low, flat desert with large areas of rocky or sandy surfaces rising to small mountains in south and northeast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 256 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: -55 m lowest point: Sebjet Tah
805 highest point: unnamed elevation

Natural resources:
phosphates, iron ore

Land use:
agricultural land: 18.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 18.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 2.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 78.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
0 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
most of the population lives in the two-thirds of the area west of the berm (Moroccan-occupied) that divides the territory; about 40% of that populace resides in Laayoune

Natural hazards:
hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time, often severely restricting visibility

Environment - current issues:
desertification; overgrazing; sparse water and lack of arable land

Geography - note:
the waters off the coast are particularly rich fishing areas

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Western Sahara on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Western Sahara Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Western Sahara Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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